The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) have published their latest joint report on antibiotic resistance in bacteria from humans, animals and food, using data collected in 2013.
The EFSA-ECDC European Union Summary Report on antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in zoonotic and indicator bacteria from humans, animals and food reveals high resistance to commonly used antimicrobial drugs in Salmonella isolates from humans and animals, especially poultry, and from related meat products. Multi-drug resistance was also high, with 73% of isolates from turkeys being resistant to more than one antimicrobial. The spread of multi-drug resistant clones found in humans and animals is a particular concern.
Antimicrobial resistant Campylobacter isolates were commonly found in humans, animals and broiler meat and resistance to the clinically important antibiotic ciprofloxacin was especially high in humans – reducing the available options for treating infections. More than 50% of Campylobacter jejuni isolates from humans and broilers were resistant.
Commenting on the results, ECDC Chief Scientist Mike Catchpole said, “The high levels of resistance to fluoroquinolones observed in Campylobacter isolates from both humans and broilers are of concern considering that a large proportion of human Campylobacter infections come from handling, preparation and consumption of broiler meat.”
The report can be found in full on the EFSA website here.