EAEC is one of six “pathotypes” of E. coli and is associated with gastrointestinal infections in humans, especially in developing countries where hygiene standards are poor. Some strains produce Shiga toxin and could cause haemolytic uraemic Syndrome (HUS).
The Panel report calls for more research to develop and validate a PCR-based method to detect and quantify EAEC in foods and better surveillance of EAEC contamination in foods imported from developing countries. It also recommends that testing for EAEC should be routine in the investigation of foodborne disease outbreaks.
The assessment can be found in full on the EFSA website here.